Festival time: Pentecost

The Feast of Weeks (Pentecost) was the complement and conclusion of the Passover festivals, and coincided with the beginning of the wheat harvest (Leviticus 23:15-21). It was an opportunity to give thanks to God for His provision of food for the year, and was later also used as an occasion to celebrate the giving of the Law at Mount Sinai. It was one of the three feasts for which attendance at Jerusalem was compulsory (Exodus 23:14-17) – which was why so many Jews from all over the known world were in Jerusalem the day the Holy Spirit was poured out on the fledgeling Church (Acts 2:1-11).

When God sent down His Law from Sinai through Moses, the people had rebelled – and 3000 of them had died (Exodus 32:28). But when He sent down His Spirit through Jesus, 3000 people repented and entered eternal life (Acts 2:41). And so the spiritual harvest began…

I find it surprising that Pentecost receives so little attention in the modern Church. Christmas and Easter are major festivals, each celebrated with special foods and other traditions. But Pentecost has nothing associated with it in quite the same way. It’s almost as if we are taking the presence of Holy Spirit for granted.

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